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# Courses

PHYS
102
Astronomy
Study of modern astronomy beyond the solar system: stars, galaxies, pulsars, quasars, black holes, and cosmology. Emphasis on fundamental physics and its application to understanding the structure and evolution of astronomical objects.

PHYS
105
Sustainable Energy and the Environment
Application of scientific concepts and analyses to the study of the production, conversion, and consumption of energy, and an understanding of the associated environmental and societal implications. Designed primarily for students not majoring in the physical sciences; especially appropriate for those in the environmental studies concentration.

PHYS
150
Introductory Physics I with Lab
Conceptual and practical study of the basic conservation laws (momentum, energy, and angular momentum) and the Newtonian world view.
MATH-111 or MATH-112. Students may take MATH-111 concurrently with approval of the faculty. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
152
Introductory Physics II with Lab
Study of the fundamental and practical concepts associated with electric and magnetic fields and their unification.
PHYS-150 and MATH-111 or MATH-112 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
205
Applications of Physics in the Biosciences
How can we observe nano-scale biological systems? How does the flexibility of a molecule contribute to its biological function? How can we make sense of vast amounts of complex and sometimes "messy" biological data? This course is an introduction to the advantages and limitations of using physical techniques and models to address biological questions. We will focus on molecular-scale systems and dynamics, with topics to include optics and microscopy, physical properties of biomolecules, and modeling dynamic molecules and systems. Current biophysical research and interdisciplinary communication skills will be emphasized through periodic discussion of articles from the primary literature.
BIOL-112 and PHYS-150 or Instructor Permission All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
215
Introduction to Complex Systems
Study of how collective behavior emerges from the interaction between a system's parts and its environment. Model systems from the natural sciences and social sciences will be used as examples. Both historical and contemporary approaches will be discussed.

PHYS
220
Introduction to Relativity and Quantum Physics with Lab
Study of light, special relativity, and quantum physics with applications.
PHYS-152 and MATH-113. (MATH-214 & 240 recommended.) All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
270
Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
Dynamical systems are mathematical objects used to model phenomena of natural and social phenomena whose state changes over time. Nonlinear dynamical systems are able to show complicated temporal, spatial, and spatiotemporal behavior. They include oscillatory and chaotic behaviors and spatial structures including fractals. Students will learn the basic mathematical concepts and methods used to describe dynamical systems. Applications will cover many scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, economics, and other social sciences. Appropriate for Math or Physics Majors.
MATH-113 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
340
Classical Dynamics with Lab
Study of classical dynamics emphasizing physical reasoning and problem solving. The Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian formulations are discussed, and applications are made to planetary motion, oscillations, stability, accelerating reference frames, and rigid body motion.
PHYS-152 and MATH-280 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
360
Thermal Physics with Lab
Introduction to thermal physics with emphasis on a statistical approach to the treatment of thermodynamic properties of bulk material. PHYS-360 will not be offered in 2024 spring term.
PHYS-220. (MATH-280 recommended.) All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
370
Electronics and Electromagnetism with Lab
Basic concepts of analog and digital electronics are taught along with intermediate level electrostatics and electrodynamics. Mathematical topics include introductory vector calculus and field theory. The laboratory portion emphasizes circuit analysis, measurement technique, and the skillful use of modern digital instrumentation.
PHYS-220 and co-enrollment in or completion of MATH-280. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
380
Semiconductors and Magnetism with Lab
The relationship between electricity and magnetism is studied through the introduction of Maxwell's equations. Semiconductor material properties are studied, along with device instructions for diodes, transistors, and simple integrated circuits. The laboratory portion emphasizes circuit construction techniques, device characterization, amplifier design and feedback, and signal/noise analysis.
PHYS-370 and MATH-280 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
410
Advanced Electricity and Magnetism with Lab
Study of electromagnetic field theory, electrostatics, potential theory, dielectric and magnetic media, Maxwell's field equations, and electromagnetic waves; vector calculus developed as needed.
PHYS-370 and MATH-280 All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
420
Quantum Mechanics with Lab
Study of the principles and mathematical techniques of quantum mechanics with applications to barrier problems, the harmonic oscillator, and the hydrogen atom.
Must have taken MATH-280. All course prerequisites must be met with a minimum grade of C-.

PHYS
480
Special Topics Techniques
Special Topics offerings focus on a physics topic not addressed in the department's regular offerings. Possible topics include general relativity and cosmology, solid state physics, particle physics, soft condensed matter physics, biological physics, advanced laboratory techniques, and fluid mechanics. Check the course schedule to see when Special Topics courses are being offered.

PHYS
481
Special Topics: General Relativity & Cosmology
General relativity is a geometric theory of gravity which has significant implications upon cosmology from gravitational redshift and bending of light rays to black holes and the large scale structure of the universe. We will learn to use tensors to perform calculations and study the implications of the Einstein equation.

PHYS
482
Special Topics: Dynamic Models in Social Sciences
The study of why mathematical and computational methods are important in understanding social phenomena, and how different social phenomena can be described by proper mathematical models. Specifically, applications of the theory of dynamical systems will be presented. Designed for math/science and social science students. Either MATH/PHYS 270 or this course, but not both, may be counted towards the major in mathematics.

PHYS
593
Senior Integrated Project
Each program or department sets its own requirements for Senior Integrated Projects done in that department, including the range of acceptable projects, the required background of students doing projects, the format of the SIP, and the expected scope and depth of projects. See the Kalamazoo Curriculum -> Senior Integrated Project section of the Academic Catalog for more details.
Permission of department and SIP supervisor required.

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